Ashwagandha, also known as Withania somnifera, is a plant commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine that is sourced from India. This adaptogenic herb has been used for centuries for its potential health benefits, including improvements to cognitive function and stress reduction. Ashwagandha can help to increase concentration while helping to lower cortisol levels, which play a role in stress. Ashwagandha may also help to improve physical performance, helping to increase strength and endurance. While ashwagandha can be found in standalone supplements, it is also commonly found in high-stimulant pre-workouts and may also be present in certain health and vitamin supplements.
Creatine monohydrate is a popular supplement among athletes and fitness enthusiasts. It is a naturally-occurring substance that is found in small amounts in red meat and fish. Creatine is synthesised with three amino acids: methionine, glycine, and arginine. Creatine is also produced by the human body, primarily in the liver and kidneys. Creatine is essential for the production of ATP, which provides energy to the muscles during physical activity. When taken as a supplement, creatine monohydrate has been shown to enhance athletic performance, increase muscle strength and size, and improve cognitive function. This ingredient can be found in many pre-workout supplements as well as standalone creatine supplements.
Creatine nitrate is a powerful ingredient that is commonly found in sports supplements. As the name suggests, creatine nitrate is a combination of creatine and nitrate - two compounds that work together to enhance performance in athletes and bodybuilders. Nitrates can reduce oxygen depletion, improving endurance. The benefits of taking creatine nitrate are numerous. It can lead to increased strength, better endurance, and faster recovery times after workouts. Supplements containing creatine nitrate can be found in a variety of forms, including powders, capsules, and pre-workout drinks. Overall, creatine nitrate is a valuable tool for anyone looking to take their training to the next level.
Fadogia agrestis is a plant typically found in Nigeria and is known for its performance-enhancing properties. Extracts from this plant have been used in traditional medicine for years, and it is often used to support increased performance. Fadogia agrestis is often found in natural testosterone boosters and pre-workout supplements. This ingredient can help to increase endurance, making it a popular ingredient for athletes looking to maintain their performance over extended periods.
L-citrulline is a type of amino acid that is naturally produced by the body. Considered to be conditional, it can also be found in certain foods such as watermelon and cucumber. This ingredient supports blood circulation, reduced fatigue, and improved muscle growth. L-citrulline is beneficial in weight training, improving the ammonia recycling process and nitric oxide metabolism. L-citrulline is often included in pre-workout supplements because it can improve stamina, endurance, and muscle vasodilation during exercise. It can also be found in supplements designed to support general health and immune function.
Grains of paradise
Grains of paradise, also known as aframomum melegueta, is a spice derived from the seeds of a West African shrub. This ingredient is a species in the ginger family, and has been used in West African folk medicine because it can offer warming and digestive properties. Grains of Paradise has been utilised for its digestive and anti-inflammatory properties and may also improve physical performance and cognitive function. This ingredient has become popular in supplements designed for athletes and is now commonly found in pre-workouts and fat burners.
L-carnitine is a naturally occurring amino acid that plays an important role in energy production and fat metabolism. It is primarily sourced from animal-based products such as red meat, poultry, and fish. L-carnitine is the standard biologically active form of carnitine and is produced out of the amino acids lysine and methionine. L-carnitine supplements are popular among athletes because they can help to increase endurance, enhance muscle recovery and promote weight management. This ingredient is also touted for its potential ability to improve mental focus and alertness. L-carnitine can be found in a variety of dietary supplements, including pre-workout formulas, fat burners, and amino acid blends.
Acetyl L-carnitine is an amino acid derivative that is naturally produced in the body and found in animal products like meat and dairy. Often abbreviated to ALC, this effective ingredient supports improved cognitive function, boosting energy levels and reducing fatigue. Acetyl L-carnitine is the best form of carnitine for brain function and may improve energy and mood. The body can turn L-carnitine into acetyl L-carnitine and vice versa, and it is produced in the human brain, liver, and kidneys. This ingredient is commonly found in health supplements such as energy drinks, pre-workout powders, and weight-loss products or as standalone ALC supplements.
Tongkat ali, also known as Eurycoma longifolia, is a powerful herb that originates from Southeast Asia, particularly in countries like Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. For centuries, this adaptogenic herb has been highly valued for its medicinal properties, with this herbal remedy being used to support vitality and performance while helping to treat a variety of ailments. Tongkat ali may improve hormonal balance, increase energy levels, improve mental clarity, and offer stress relief benefits. Tongkat ali often comes as a standalone supplement, but this ingredient is also included frequently in test booster supplements and other hormonal supplements.
Panax Ginseng Root
Panax ginseng root is a traditional medicinal herb originating from Asia and North America. Also known as Korean ginseng, this herb is known for its various health benefits, supporting cognitive function and reduced stress while helping to increase energy levels and combat fatigue. The root contains active compounds called ginsenosides, which may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Panax ginseng root can be found in various vitamin and health supplements, as well as certain pre-workouts. Many people incorporate it into their daily routine to improve their physical and mental performance, helping them to feel more alert and focused throughout the day.
N-Acetyl Cysteine (NAC)
N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a potent antioxidant that is derived from an amino acid called L-cysteine. It is commonly found in dietary supplements due to its numerous health benefits. NAC plays a massive role in antioxidant production and is known for its ability to support the body's production of the antioxidant glutathione, which helps to neutralise harmful free radicals and reduce oxidative stress. Regular consumption of NAC has been linked to numerous health benefits, such as improving respiratory health, protecting liver function and aiding detoxification, and supporting cognitive function. NAC supplements can be found in a variety of forms, including capsules and powders, and are often found as standalone supplements. NAC aids in the regulation of glutamate, which is the brain's most important neurotransmitter and can play a role in improving mental health. NAC can also help to stabilise blood sugar levels, decreasing inflammation in fat cells and improving insulin resistance. Its ability to boost glutathione levels can also play a role in improved immune health.
Nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN)
Nicotinamide Mononucleotide, or NMN, is a molecule naturally found in the human body that plays a key role in energy metabolism. NMN serves as a critical precursor to the essential enzyme called Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD+), which can play a role in aging processes and DNA repair. As we age, our NMN levels decline, leading to a decrease in NAD+. Supplementing with NMN may potentially improve blood sugar levels, cardiovascular health, brain function, endurance, and overall energy levels. It can also play a role in DNA repair, cellular stress response, and energy metabolism. NMN can be sourced from food such as avocado, broccoli, tomatoes and cabbage, but often in small, insufficient amounts. Supplements containing NMN can be found in various forms, including pills and powders. NMN supplementation is rapidly gaining popularity as more and more research is being conducted on its potential health benefits. NMN supplements generally come in a standalone form.
Beta-alanine is a non-essential amino acid that is naturally occurring in the body, but it can also be sourced from animal protein such as chicken or beef. Beta-alanine is known for its benefits on athletic performance due to its ability to increase muscle carnosine levels. Higher carnosine levels in the muscles can help delay fatigue during intense workouts and improve overall physical performance. Beta-alanine is often found in pre-workout supplements, but it can also be taken as a standalone supplement for its performance-boosting effects.
AstraGin is a patented, plant-based ingredient that provides full-spectrum gut support by helping to optimise and enhance nutrient absorption while supporting the microbiota and immune cell viability. AstraGin supports a healthy intestinal wall environment at a cellular level, promoting an anti-inflammatory response while activating immune functions. AstraGin can enhance how your body utilises amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and phytonutrients. This powerful ingredient can be found in a variety of supplements, including protein powders, pre-workouts, and amino acid formulas. AstraGin was created by NuLiv Science and works to restore gut wall integrity while optimising nutrient absorption and other immune functions.
Shilajit is a natural substance that is derived from the Himalayan mountains. It is known for its numerous health benefits and has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine. Shilajit develops over centuries from the slow decomposition of plants and is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine. Shilajit is rich in minerals and humic substances, which make it a popular ingredient in many dietary supplements. This ingredient is believed to aid in the improvement of cognitive function, increase energy levels, and enhance physical performance. Shilajit contains antioxidants and has been previously used to help treat certain health conditions. Shilajit supplements can be found in various forms, such as capsules, powders, and tablets.
Collagen is a vital protein that can be found in various animal-derived products, such as bone broth, fish, and meat. It is the most abundant structural protein in the body that provides strength and elasticity to connective tissues, such as bones, tendons, and skin. This protein is also known for its numerous health benefits, such as promoting skin health, joint health, and intestinal health. To optimise these benefits, collagen supplements are widely available in the market, such as powders, capsules, and gummies. Collagen can also be found in certain protein powders to boost your protein intake. While there are 28 different types of collagen, the most common forms are type I & III bovine collagen and marine collagen.
Capsaicin is a naturally occurring compound found in chilli peppers that is responsible for their spicy flavour. Capsaicin may support weight management by assisting metabolism and reducing appetite. It can also alleviate pain by blocking pain signals to the brain, making it a popular ingredient in topical pain relief products. Additionally, Capsaicin can offer anti-inflammatory properties that can play a role in heart health and cognitive function. You can find Capsaicin supplements in powder or capsule form, and they are commonly seen in pre-workout and fat-burning supplements to support weight management. They may also be present in vitamin & health supplements designed to support anti-inflammation and pain relief.
Lion's Mane, also known as Hericium erinaceus, is an edible fungus that can be found growing on trees in North America, Europe and Asia. Lion’s Mane is a shaggy white fungus that grows on hardwood trees. It's a popular ingredient in health supplements, mainly because of its potential cognitive benefits. Lion's Mane contains bioactive substances that may offer benefits to brain function and have neuroprotective properties to facilitate optimal cognitive performance. This ingredient can also support heart and gut health. When it comes to supplements, Lion's Main can be found in pre-workouts and nootropics and is usually taken to boost energy and focus and promote mental clarity.
Reishi mushrooms have been used in traditional medicinal practices for over 2,000 years. Sourced primarily in Asia, Reishi is revered for its potential benefits, including immune system support, anti-inflammatory effects, and relieve symptoms of other health conditions. The mushroom is often consumed in supplement form, including capsules and powders, and can also be brewed into tea. As Reishi continues to grow in popularity, more and more products such as vitamins and natural supplements feature this versatile ingredient as a key component to overall wellness.
Chaga is a type of fungus that grows on birch trees in cold climates such as Siberia, Alaska, and Canada. This mushroom has been used for centuries as a medicinal ingredient in traditional medicine. With a wealth of antioxidants, chaga offers benefits that can keep the human body healthy and balanced, including lowering cholesterol. As chaga is a natural adaptogen, it can support the immune system by alleviating stress and boosting overall well-being. Chaga can be found in supplements such as capsules, teas, and powders.
Cordyceps is a type of fungus that has been revered for its numerous health benefits. It is sourced from high altitudes in the Himalayan regions of Tibet, Qinghai, and Yunnan, where it grows on the larvae of certain insects. This medicinal mushroom has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries and may treat fatigue and sickness. Today, this ingredient is utilised to support athletic performance by improving oxygen uptake, increasing endurance, and reducing fatigue. Cordyceps may offer anti-inflammatory properties and can be found in supplements such as capsules, powders, and teas.
Turkey tail is a type of mushroom that has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine for its various health benefits. It is sourced from various areas around the world, including North America, Europe, and Asia, and is a multi-coloured fungus that grows on fallen trees in forest areas. This powerful ingredient can offer numerous performance benefits, such as supporting the immune system, supporting gut health, and reducing inflammation. Turkey tail is commonly found in supplement form, such as capsules and powders and is often found in vitamins and health supplements.
Schisandra Berry Extract
Schisandra Berry extract is a natural ingredient that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for generations. It is sourced from the Schisandra plant, which grows naturally in China and various other parts of Asia. Schisandra Berry is considered an adaptogen and can offer a range of potential benefits in promoting mental clarity and improving cognitive function, as well as increasing physical endurance and reducing fatigue. It can be found in various dietary supplements that focus on improving focus, energy levels, and athletic performance.
Bioperine is a natural ingredient sourced from black pepper fruit extract. It has numerous benefits and is used as a supplement in various products. Due to its unique properties, Bioperine is able to increase the bioavailability and absorption of various nutrients, making them more effective in the body. Some of the key benefits of this ingredient include improved digestion, better nutrient absorption, and increased metabolism. Additionally, Bioperine can play a role in heart health, memory and blood sugar control while offering anti-inflammatory benefits. Bioperine is commonly found in supplements designed to enhance athletic performance, such as pre-workout formulas, as well as in weight management and immune support products.
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring compound that can be found in grapes, berries, and peanuts. This powerful antioxidant has gained increasing popularity for its potential health benefits, including improved cardiovascular health and decreased inflammation. The compound may help improve insulin sensitivity and can help lower blood pressure while also helping you to lower cholesterol. Additionally, resveratrol may offer neuroprotective benefits that can support your brain health. Resveratrol is most commonly found in vitamin and health supplements or as a standalone supplement that comes in powder or tablet form.
Infinergy is a powerful ingredient that is making waves in the supplement industry. Derived from caffeine and malic acid, this compound is commonly known as di-caffeine malate and is a patented ingredient that contains approximately 75% caffeine and 25% malic acid by molecular weight. Because it is a milder form of caffeine, Infinergy provides a sustained boost of energy without the jitters or sudden crash. This, combined with the ingredient’s ability to improve mental clarity and focus, makes it perfect for athletes or anyone looking to ramp up their physical performance. Due to its effectiveness and versatility, Infinergy can be found in a range of pre-workout and performance supplements.
Alpha GPC is a chemical made in the body from choline and can be produced synthetically or sourced from natural ingredients. Alpha GPC helps to increase the levels of acetylcholine, which is a compound present in the brain that plays a role in memory and learning function. This ingredient can play a role in neurotransmitter production, which in turn improves cognitive function. Alpha GPC may help to enhance focus, memory, and mental clarity, leading to improved overall performance, and is commonly found in pre-workout supplements.
Raspberry ketones are a natural substance found in raspberries that are believed to aid in weight management and improve athletic performance. These compounds are also found in other fruits, such as strawberries, blackberries, and cranberries. Raspberry ketones may help to increase the breakdown of fats in the body and enhance metabolism. As a result, it is commonly found in thermogenics and other weight management supplements. Additionally, raspberry ketones may help to reduce appetite and can assist with the reduction of inflammation.
5-HTP is a naturally occurring compound found in the body that is synthesised from the amino acid tryptophan. This compound is also sourced from the seeds of an African plant known as Griffonia simplicifolia. It can offer various benefits to the body, particularly in its ability to promote the production of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that is responsible for regulating mood and behaviour. Additionally, 5-HTP may support healthy sleep, reduce anxiety levels, improve appetite control, and even aid in weight management. This potent ingredient can be found in various vitamins & health supplements, such as those intended for mental and mood support, as well as certain weight management products.
Astragalus is a powerful ingredient sourced from the roots of the astragalus plant. Astragalus has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. The benefits of this ingredient are numerous, with astragalus supporting improved energy levels, stronger immune system support and enhanced endurance. Astragalus is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties, which can improve recovery following intense physical activity. Many vitamin & health supplements on the market feature this ingredient, and it can be effective if you're looking to improve your overall performance and health.
Leucine is a branched-chain amino acid that serves as a building block for proteins in the body. It is sourced mainly from foods like beef, chicken, and fish, as well as some plant sources like soybeans and lentils. This essential amino acid can offer numerous benefits when it comes to bodybuilding and physical performance and may help you promote muscle protein synthesis and delay muscle fatigue. Leucine is found in a wide variety of supplements, such as protein powders, amino acids and pre-workout formulas, to support athletic performance and aid in recovery after exercise.
Isoleucine is an essential amino acid that belongs to the group of branched-chain amino acids or BCAAs. This amino acid is commonly found in high-protein foods like meat, eggs, fish, and dairy products. Isoleucine is also present in plant-based sources like tofu, lentils, and nuts. This amino acid can play a role in muscle repair & recovery and promotes glucose uptake in muscle tissues. It is also important for the production of hemoglobin and energy regulation. Supplements that contain isoleucine are popular among athletes who want to enhance their performance, endurance, and recovery. These supplements can come in the form of protein powders, BCAA supplements, or pre-workout formulas.
Valine is an essential amino acid and is one of the three BCAAs (branched-chain amino acids) found in our muscles and is sourced from dietary intake. Valine is found in a variety of protein-rich foods such as meat, dairy, and legumes. This amino acid may play a role in muscle growth and repair, making it a popular ingredient in pre-workouts, protein powders and amino acid supplements. Valine can help reduce muscle breakdown during exercise, increase muscle endurance, and improve muscle recovery after intense workouts.
Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid that the human body requires but cannot naturally produce. This important nutrient can be sourced from protein-rich foods like meats, fish, eggs, and dairy products. Phenylalanine can be a vital component in the production of neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine, aiding in cognitive function, mood regulation, and memory. Supplements containing Phenylalanine are often found in the form of L-phenylalanine or DL-phenylalanine, both of which have the potential to improve focus, alertness, and overall cognitive performance.
Threonine is an essential amino acid, which means it cannot be synthesised by the body. This vital nutrient is found in protein-rich animal products like eggs, dairy, and meat, as well as in some plant-based sources such as beans, nuts, and seeds. By promoting protein synthesis, threonine helps support muscle growth and repair, making it popular among athletes and fitness enthusiasts. In addition, this amino acid assists with the production of collagen, which is essential for maintaining healthy skin, hair, and nails. Threonine is commonly found in muscle-building supplements, protein powders, and multivitamins, making it a convenient way to improve overall health and athletic performance.
Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that is sourced from various protein-rich foods like poultry, fish, nuts, and soy products. Once consumed, it is converted by the body to serotonin, which is a neurotransmitter that helps regulate mood, appetite, and sleep. Tryptophan has many potential performance benefits, including reducing stress levels, increasing feelings of relaxation, improving sleep quality, and enhancing cognitive function. Tryptophan can be found in a variety of vitamins & health supplements, particularly those that support sleep, stress relief and cognitive function.
Methionine is an essential amino acid that plays a role in various metabolic processes in the human body. It can be sourced from a wide range of protein-rich foods, including eggs, beans, fish, poultry, and dairy. This amino acid has several benefits and plays an important role across many functions in the body. Methionine can act as an antioxidant to protect damaged tissues and can be used to treat liver disorders and viral infections. This ingredient can be found in various supplements, including protein powders, amino acids, and multivitamins.
Lysine is an essential amino acid that plays a crucial role in building proteins and supporting various bodily functions. This nutrient cannot be synthesised in the body and needs to be obtained from dietary sources. Good sources of lysine include meat, fish, beans, and dairy products. Some of the benefits of lysine include supporting immune function, helping to treat cold sores, aiding in the formation of collagen and tissue repair, and promoting healthy bone growth. Lysine can support stress relief and is often found in a range of vitamins and health supplements.
Histidine is an essential amino acid that is involved in a variety of different pathways in the body. It is found naturally in a variety of foods, including meat, fish, dairy, grains, and legumes. Histidine can offer numerous benefits, such as promoting the creation of carnosine. This compound can also support weight management, assisting with insulin resistance, inflammation, metabolic disorder and oxidative stress. You can find Histidine in a variety of health & vitamin supplements, as well as certain pre-workouts.
Alanine is a non-essential amino acid that is found in many animal proteins, like meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products. Alanine is one of the building blocks of proteins. It is produced in the body through the metabolism of pyruvate and is an important component of the human diet. This amino acid plays crucial roles in muscle metabolism, glucose production, and immune system function, making it an important nutrient for overall health and well-being. Alanine plays can affect blood sugar levels and can be helpful if blood sugar levels are too low. Alanine can be found in a variety of dietary supplements, such as those designed to support muscle growth and repair.
Arginine is a naturally occurring amino acid that plays a vital role in our body. It can be sourced from a variety of protein-rich foods, including red meat, chicken, beef, fish, and dairy products. Arginine offers numerous health benefits, such as helping improve blood flow, promoting healthy immune function, and aiding in the release of the growth hormone, insulin, and other substances in the body. It is a popular supplement in the fitness industry and can be found in products ranging from pre-workout formulas to protein powders.
Asparagine is a non-essential amino acid that is sourced from a variety of food items such as poultry, eggs, dairy products, and seafood. L-asparagine is the first amino acid to be isolated and can be found in high levels in asparagus. One of the benefits of asparagine is that it serves as a building block for protein synthesis, which is essential for the growth and repair of bodily tissues. Additionally, asparagine is used to help create proteins used to help the brain aid the transmission of signals. Asparagine also helps to break down toxic ammonia within the cells. Asparagine can be found in nootropics and other performance-based supplements.
Aspartic acid is a non-essential amino acid that is naturally present in various dietary sources such as oysters, meat, seeds, avocados, and asparagus. It is also a common ingredient in some dietary supplements, particularly those designed to boost athletic performance, increase energy levels, and promote muscle growth. Aspartic acid can support immune system response and facilitate the production of certain hormones. It is also believed to help reduce fatigue and improve endurance during exercise. Some of the most common supplements that contain aspartic acid include BCAAs, pre-workout formulas, and testosterone boosters.
Cysteine is an important amino acid that is sourced from both animal and plant-based foods like ricotta, cottage cheese, meat, and poultry. This vital substance plays a key role in the formation and maintenance of proteins and is essential for many crucial bodily functions. Additionally, cysteine has powerful antioxidant properties that help to protect the body from oxidative stress and reduce inflammation. Many supplements contain cysteine, making it easy to integrate into your daily regimen and reap the benefits of this essential amino acid.
Glutamic acid is a type of amino acid that is used to form proteins. It is an important component of many proteins, as well as a neurotransmitter in the brain. Glutamic acid is naturally sourced from protein-rich foods, such as meats, dairy products, and beans. This amino acid provides a number of benefits to the body, including supporting cognitive function and playing a role in learning and memory. Glutamic acid also plays a role in reducing inflammation and can improve athletic performance. This compound is generally found in nootropic and performance supplements.
L-glutamine is a naturally occurring amino acid that can be found in our bodies and in many food sources like red meat, fish, and dairy products. As one of the most abundant amino acids in our muscles, it can play a role in promoting immune function and repairing damaged muscles. L-glutamine may also support metabolism and gut health, helping to manage the symptoms of IBS. This amino acid can be sourced from various supplements such as protein powders, pre-workout formulas, and post-workout recovery drinks. Supplementing with L-glutamine may also help to support muscle growth, reduce muscle soreness, and enhance athletic endurance.
Glycine is a non-essential amino acid that plays a vital role in the body's nervous system and helps to maintain the healthy functioning of the muscles and organs. In its natural form, glycine can be sourced from high-protein foods, such as meat, fish, and dairy products. The benefits of glycine are numerous. This compound can improve sleep quality, reduce inflammation, support brain and muscle performance, and decrease oxidative stress.. Additionally, glycine can promote the growth and repair of tissues within the body. This amino acid is most commonly found in collagen supplements, as well as other health & vitamin supplements.
Proline is a non-essential amino acid that is an essential component of collagen, a protein found in connective tissue and bones. It is naturally produced by the body but can also be sourced through certain foods such as meat, dairy, and fish. Proline can play a key role in maintaining healthy skin, joints, and cartilage and has also been associated with improved cardiovascular health. For those looking to supplement their proline intake, it can be found in various dietary supplements such as vitamins & health supps and collagen supplements.
Serine is a non-essential amino acid that is naturally produced in the human body. It is also found in various protein-rich foods such as soy, eggs, fish and meat. Serine is a vital nutrient that plays numerous roles in the human body, including cell growth, metabolism, immune function, and neurotransmitter signalling. It helps to support mental focus, memory, and cognitive function. This ingredient is necessary in the production of tryptophan, which is an essential amino acid that is used to produce serotonin. Serine supplements are commonly used to promote brain health, and this ingredient can commonly be found in nootropics and other vitamin & health supplements.
L-tyrosine is a naturally occurring amino acid that can play an important role in the production of neurotransmitters in our brains, such as dopamine, adrenaline and noradrenaline. This amino acid is found naturally in protein-rich foods such as chicken, turkey, fish and dairy products and is produced in the body by another amino acid called phenylalanine. Among the benefits of L-tyrosine include cognitive benefits such as improved focus, enhanced memory, and increased mental alertness. L-tyrosine is a widely used ingredient in various performance-based supplements and is often found in pre-workout supplements and nootropic formulas.